The data shows that the global garlic production showed a stable growth trend from 2014 to 2020. By 2020, the global garlic production was 32 million tons, an increase of 4.2% year-on-year. In 2021, China's garlic planting area was 10.13 million mu, a year-on-year decrease of 8.4%; China's garlic production was 21.625 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 10%. According to the distribution of garlic production in various regions around the world, China is the region with the highest garlic production in the world. In 2019, China's garlic production ranked first in the world with 23.306 million tons, accounting for 75.9% of the global production.
According to the information on standardized production bases for green food raw materials in China released by the China Green Food Development Center, there are 6 standardized production bases for green food raw materials (garlic) in China, of which 5 are independent production bases for garlic, with a total planting area of 956,000 mu, and 1 is a standardized production base for multiple crops including garlic; Six standardized production bases are distributed in four provinces, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, and Xinjiang. Jiangsu has the largest number of standardized production bases for garlic, with a total of two. One of them is a standardized production base for various crops, including garlic.
Garlic planting areas are widely distributed in China, but the planting area is mainly concentrated in Shandong, Henan, and Jiangsu provinces, accounting for more than 50% of the total area. Garlic planting areas in major producing provinces are also relatively concentrated. The largest area of garlic cultivation in China is in Shandong Province, with the largest export volume of garlic in 2021 being 1,186,447,912 kg in Shandong Province. In 2021, the garlic planting area in Shandong Province was 3,948,800 mu, a year-on-year increase of 68%; The garlic planting area in Hebei Province was 570100 mu, a year-on-year increase of 132%; The garlic planting area in Henan Province was 2,811,200 mu, a year-on-year increase of 68%; The planting area in Jiangsu Province was 1,689,700 mu, a year-on-year increase of 17%. Garlic planting areas are widely distributed in Jinxiang County, Lanling County, Guangrao County, Yongnian County, Hebei Province, Qi County, Henan Province, Dafeng City, North Jiangsu Province, Pengzhou City, Sichuan Province, Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, Xinjiang, and other garlic producing areas.
According to the "2022-2027 China Garlic Industry Market Deep Research and Investment Strategy Prediction Report" released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.
Jinxiang County is a famous hometown of garlic in China, with a history of planting garlic for about 2000 years. The area of garlic planted throughout the year is 700,000 mu, with an annual output of about 800,000 tons. Garlic products are exported to more than 160 countries and regions. According to the skin color, Jinxiang garlic can be divided into white garlic and purple garlic. In 2021, the garlic planting area in Jinxiang County, Shandong Province was 551600 mu, a year-on-year decrease of 3.1%; Garlic production in Jinxiang County, Shandong Province was 977,600 tons, a year-on-year increase of 2.6%.
In the 9th week of 2023 (02.20-02.26), the national average wholesale price of garlic was 6.8 yuan/kg, down 8.6% year-on-year and 0.58% month-on-month. In the past year, the national average wholesale price of garlic reached 7.43 yuan/kg, and the lowest wholesale price was 5.61 yuan/kg. Since 2017, the price of garlic nationwide has been declining, and since 2019, the price of garlic has shown an upward trend. China's garlic trading volume is high in 2020; In June 2022, China's garlic trading volume was approximately 12,577.25 tons.
Import and export market situation of garlic industry.
Garlic exports account for more than 80% of the world's total, and show a fluctuating upward trend. China is the most important garlic exporter in the world, with a relatively stable export market. The growth of demand in the export market is relatively stable. China's garlic is mainly exported to Southeast Asia, Brazil, the Middle East, Europe and the United States, and the international market demand is relatively stable. In 2022, the top six countries in China's garlic exports were Indonesia, Vietnam, the United States, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Brazil, with exports accounting for 68% of the total exports. https://www.ll-foods.com/products/fruits-and-vegetables/garlic/
Exports are mainly primary products. China's export of garlic is mainly based on primary products such as fresh or chilled garlic, dry garlic, vinegar garlic, and salted garlic. In 2018, fresh or chilled garlic exports accounted for 89.2% of the total exports, while dry garlic exports accounted for 10.1%.
From the perspective of specific types of garlic exports in China, in January 2021, there was a negative increase in the export quantity of other fresh or chilled garlic and garlic made or preserved with vinegar or acetic acid; In February 2021, the export volume of other fresh or refrigerated garlic in China was 4,429.5 tons, a year-on-year increase of 146.21%, and the export amount was 8.477 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 129%; In February, the export volume of other varieties of garlic increased positively.
From the perspective of monthly export volume in 2020, due to the continuous spread of overseas epidemics, the supply and demand balance in the international garlic market has been disrupted, and additional market advantages have been created for China's garlic export. From January to December, China's garlic export situation remained good. At the beginning of 2021, China's garlic export showed a good momentum, with a total export volume of 286,200 tons from January to February, a year-on-year increase of 26.47%.
China is the largest country in the world that grows and exports garlic. Garlic is one of the important crop varieties in China. Garlic and its products are traditional flavoring foods that the people like. Garlic has been cultivated for more than 2000 years in China, not only with a long history of cultivation, but also with a large cultivation area and high yield. In 2021, China's garlic export volume was 1.8875 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 15.45%; The export value of garlic was 199,199.29 million US dollars, a year-on-year decrease of 1.7%.
In China, fresh garlic is mainly sold, with few deeply processed garlic products and relatively low economic benefits. The sales channel of garlic mainly relies on the export of garlic. In 2021, Indonesia had the largest export volume of garlic in China, with 562,724,500 kilograms.
The new season crop of garlic production in China in 2023 will be starting in June. Affected by factors such as reduced garlic planting area and bad weather, the reduction in production has become a topic of general discussion. Currently, the market generally expects the price of new garlic to rise, and the price rise of garlic in cold storage is the driving force for the price rise of garlic in the new season.From - LLFOODS Marketing Department